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Gemstone nuggets: A fun facts quiz

How much do you know about these lovely stones that we use in our beading?
Gemstone Nuggets quiz 1
How did you do on the quiz in out Facet -- Stringing newsletter? Were you able to identify all of these lovely gemstone nuggets?

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Turquoise
TURQUOISE
Turquoise is one of the oldest gem materials known. The Egyptians mined turquoise more than 6,000 years ago. Much later, Aztecs, Incas, and later Native Americans prized turquoise for its sky blue color. Since turquoise is porous, it’s often infused with plastic, colorless oil, or wax to improve its color and durability.
replacement purple turquoise
BRONZE-INFUSED PURPLE TURQUOISE
Bronze-infused purple turquoise is created by a series of gem enhancements, which result in mosaic beads. Turquoise nuggets are compressed, infused with bronze to create a matrix, dyed purple, and then stabilized. While some of these treatments are modern, composite stones (gems having more than one part) have been made since Roman times.
Pyrite 2
PYRITE
Glistening pyrite has been admired for centuries. Once found in ancient Greek and Incan jewelry, the silver grey variety is now cut, faceted, and polished to a mirror-like brilliance for marcasite jewelry. The brassy yellow variety is known historically as “fool’s gold.” Pyrite’s name comes from the Greek word pyr meaning “fire,” because it emits sparks when struck by iron. 
Chalcedony
CHALCEDONY
Chalcedony has been a valued gem since ancient times. It’s a perfect medium for carving. Rather than being a single crystal, it’s composed of tiny quartz crystals not visible to the naked eye. The best known varieties include agate, bloodstone, carnelian, chrysoprase, jasper, chrysocolla, petrified wood, and onyx. Chalcedony’s range of colors, markings and transparencies give it a unique charm. 
Flower sugilite
FLOWER SUGILITE
Sugilite is a relatively rare gemstone. Discovered in the mid-20th century, its natural color ranges from a rich red-purple to a strong pink. “Flower sugilite” is a marketing term for a different gemstone: lepidolite. This gem’s color is typically pale lilac, pink, yellow, grey, or colorless. Strong color may indicate the beads have been dyed.
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