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Test your jewelry IQ!

Jewelry_Quiz_6_640x335

The term “jewelry” can be defined as any ornamental element that is usually made of metal and worn by a person. The typical decorative pieces of jewelry come to mind immediately—necklace, ring, bracelet, and so on—but what about those odd terms you hear bandied about now and then? You know, the words that make you scratch your head and ponder, “What on Earth is that?”

Befuddled by bangles? Perplexed by parures? Here are the answers to the quizzes from the Facet Bead Stringing and More newsletters. Don't get the newsletter? SIGN UP HERE!

 

u_ARTJ1105_LAVALIERE
LAVALIERE
Named after Françoise Louise de la Baume Le Blanc, the infamous Duchesse de la Vallière—the mistress of King Louis XIV. Supported by a slender chain, this necklace features a jeweled pendant drop.
v_ARTJ1105_TORC
TORC/TORQUE
A rigid neck ornament usually constructed of twisted metal and shaped as an incomplete circle, with the opening worn at the front. The two ends typically bear sculpted ornaments such as animal heads.
w_ARTJ1105_CARCANET
CARCANET
A jeweled necklace worn closely around the neck, though not as short as a choker.
x_ARTJ1105_PARURE
PARURE
A coordinating set of jewelry, typically consisting of at least three pieces (such as a necklace, brooch, and earrings) and as many as seven pieces (possibly including a bracelet, ring, choker or pendant, and tiara or other hair ornament). A demiparure consists of two such pieces.
e_ARTJ1105_SIGNET
SIGNET
A ring that bears a family crest or some other insignia and is used to stamp into melted wax to leave an impression. Also known as a seal ring.
f_ARTJ1105_TIARA
TIARA
A jeweled hair ornament that forms an incomplete circle and is worn on formal occasions.
g_ARTJ1105_GORGET
GORGET
A convex, crescent-shaped or circular ornament that is perforated for suspension around the neck and worn over the chest.
h_ARTJ1105_LOCKET
LOCKET
A small, hollow, hinged pendant, typically in the shape of an oval, a circle, or a heart. The interior holds photos, locks of hair, or other mementos.
q_ARTJ1105_DIADEM
Diadem

A semicircular, often jeweled hair ornament worn on the head or forehead.

r_ARTJ1105_CHATELAINE
Chatelaine

French for “lady of the manor,” a set of short chains attached to a woman’s belt for carrying useful or decorative items, such as eyeglasses, scissors, pencils, needle cases, pincushions, keys, coin purses, etc. This item was particularly useful in the 17th and 18th centuries, before garments typically had pockets.

s_ARTJ1105_GIRDLE
Girdle

A long belt or sash worn loosely about the waist and sporting an extended drop.

t_ARTJ1105_MEDALLION
Medallion

A flat piece of metal that bears a design or inscription, perhaps made to commemorate some event. Often resembling a coin, but with no monetary value.

i_ARTJ1105_CORONET
Coronet
A small crown traditionally worn by nobles, rather than monarchs.
j_ARTJ1105_CUFF
Cuff
A stiff bracelet worn about the wrist, but differing from the bangle in that it is often wider and not a complete circle, so that it may be slipped on via the side of the wrist.
k_ARTJ1105_PECTORAL
Pectoral
An ornamental pendant, originally for defensive purposes, that adorns the breast at the height of the pectoral muscles. Sometimes counterweighted on the back.
l_ARTJ1105_SAUTOIR
Sautoir
A long, rope-style necklace that hangs to the waist and typically ends in tassels or drops; Queen Alexandra of England often wore them, which helped to popularize the style during the Edwardian era.
m_ARTJ1105_BANGLE
BANGLE
A stiff bracelet that slips over the hand, though some may be hinged to clasp around the wrist.
n_ARTJ1105_LORGNETTE
LORGNETTE
A pair of eyeglasses mounted on a long, often ornate handle.
o_ARTJ1105_FIBULA
FIBULA
Sometimes referred to as a “safety-pin brooch,” this ancient and often ornamented clasp is used to fasten clothing. It consists of a piece of bowed metal with a pin connected to one end with a hinge; the pin is pushed through the clothing to hold it together and is secured into the other end of the bowed metal behind a catch plate.
p_ARTJ1105_GIRANDOLE
GIRANDOLE
A style of earring, brooch, or pendant in which a large decorative element suspends three smaller, pear-shaped drops, usually of similar design.
y_ARTJ1105_CIRCLET
CIRCLET
An ornamental metal band worn about the head to keep hair out of the eyes or to hold a veil in place; forms a complete circle around the head.
z_ARTJ1105_AMULET
AMULET
A pendant or charm worn to bring good luck or to ward off evil.
 
aa_ARTJ1105_CROWN
CROWN
A large jeweled headdress worn by monarchs to signify sovereignty.
bb_ARTJ1105_POMANDER
POMANDER
A hollow filigree ball that can be opened to contain potpourri, an orange studded with cloves, or other fragrant materials. Typically worn suspended on a long chain and attached to a belt.
a_ARTJ1105_FOB
FOB
A short chain or ribbon attached to a pocket watch, often with a decorative seal attached to it.
b_ARTJ1105_RIVIERE
RIVIERE
A necklace consisting of a single strand of gemstones, usually diamonds. The gems may graduate in size.
c_ARTJ1105_CHAPLET
CHAPLET
An ornamented band tied around the head, typically made of metal with repousséd decoration and embellished with gems.
d_ARTJ1105_TORSADE
TORSADE
Many strands of pearls or beads twisted together and pulled into a single clasp to form a very thick necklace.

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